Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Overview
Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative arthritis, is a
gradual breakdown of cartilage in the joints.
Cartilage is a tough, flexible connective tissue that
protects the ends of bones in the joints.
Osteoarthritis is common in the knees because the
knees bear the weight of the body. Osteoarthritis of
the knee can severely impact a person's lifestyle.


Causes and Risk Factors
Osteoarthritis commonly develops as a result of the
wear and tear of aging. It also frequently results
from traumatic injury to the joint. Osteoarthritis of
the knee is more common in older people, in
women, and in people who have occupations that
place increased stress on the knees. People who
have certain diseases, bone deformities or a
genetic predisposition are also at a higher risk.
Obesity can also raise a person's risk for
osteoarthritis of the knee, because extra body
weight increases stress on the knee joints.


Progression
In a healthy knee, the ends of the bones are
covered by a layer of cartilage. Healthy cartilage
allows the bones to glide smoothly against each
other. But in a knee with osteoarthritis, this cartilage
begins to deteriorate and wear away. Repetitive
motion or injury may speed this deterioration.
Eventually, the bones may rub directly against each
other.


Bone Spur Formation
This rubbing can cause the gradual growth of bony
bumps along the edge of the joint. These lumps,
called bone spurs (or osteophytes), can cause joint
pain.

Symptoms
Symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee may include
pain, swelling and stiffness of the joint. The knee
may become weak, and it may lock or buckle when
walking. A person with osteoarthritis may have
trouble bending or straightening the knee. Standing
or walking for long periods may worsen this pain.


Treatment
Treatment options depend on the severity of the
arthritis. In the early stages, the knee may be
treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory
medications, corticosteroid injections, and injections
of medications that lubricate the joint. The physician
may recommend physical therapy and chiropractic care. 

 

If these methods are not helpful injection of platelet rich plasma (PRP) or other types of Regenerative Medicine are the next step treatment options.

Advanced non surgical treatment options offered by Dr. Ghalambor at NorTex also include Radiofrequency Ablation of the Genicular nerves to stop the pain signals from the knee joints. 

Surgical options such as Knee Replacement is considered a last resort treatment. 

Watch the video description below

Knee Osteoarthritis by Dr. Ghalambor

NorTex Spine & Joint Institute


Is proud to offer cutting edge, up to date non-surgical treatments for variety of spine and joint related problems offered by Dr. Ghalambor, Harvard Trained, Fellowship Trained and Board Certified Specialist. 

We offer consultations and treatments in our affiliated clinics in Plano, McKinney, Frisco, Lewisville, Wylie, Celina, Garland, Allen, Addison and Dallas in Texas. 

Want to talk more about your Knee Pain?

Call us today at 972-872-8408

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Dr. Ghalambor is a Harvard Fellowship Trained and Board Certified Specialist. 

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